Orthopaedic Ethics 3: Ethical Aspects of Placebo

Description:
Placebo or sham surgery controls have been used in a limited fashion in randomized trials of surgical interventions in orthopaedic research but are not without controversy. This module focuses on the definition of placebo (“sham”) surgery; the major differences between medical placebos and sham surgical procedures; the ethical implications of sham surgery versus the benefits it may provide in orthopaedic research; and the ethical criticisms against sham surgical procedures.

Module content created by Matthew J. Matava, MD of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.
Learning Objectives:

Understand the definition of placebo (“sham”) surgery and its accepted indications
Identify the major differences between medical placebos and sham surgical procedures
Identify the ethical implications of sham surgery and the proposed benefits it may provide in orthopaedic research
Understand the ethical criticisms against sham surgical procedures


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About this activity:
This activity was orginally created on: May 30, 2014
Authors:
  • So Young Oh
  • B. Corbett Walsh
  • Donna Phillips
  • Raj Karia
  • Jillian Halpern