Internal Medicine Focused ECHO curriculum_Part1

Welcome to the Internal Medicine Point-of-Care Ultrasound Training Program!   This module will be paired with a live, hands-on workshop to help you acquire, interpret and integrate point-of-care ultrasound into your clinical practice. The innovative technology of handheld ultrasounds such as the V-scan will enhance your physical exam and revolutionize your understanding of common causes of cardiopulmonary disease. 
Learning objectives for this Activity:

1. Describe standard 5 echocardiographic views and orientations: parasternal long axis, parasternal short axis, apical four chamber, subcostal four chamber, longitudinal IVC (cognitive: knowledge)
2. Distinguish the advantages and disadvantages of each standard echo view (cognitive: comprehension)
3. Predict limitations to echo examination in certain diseases/anatomies (cognitive: application)
4. Identify echocardiographic patterns: global LV size and systolic function, global
right ventricular size and function, assessment of pericardial effusion/tamponnade, IVC size and respiratory variation (cognitive: knowledge)

Image Interpretation:
1. Distinguish normal from abnormal left ventricular function (cognitive: comprehension)
2. Distinguish normal from abnormal right ventricular size and function (cognitive: comprehension)
3. Identify pericardial effusion and potential cardiac tamponnade (cognitive: knowledge)
4. Predict fluid responsiveness based on dynamic inferior vena cava measurements (cognitive: comprehension)
5. Demonstrate integration of the 5 standard views into an assessment of left ventricular function, right ventricular function, pericardial disease, and respiratory variation of the IVC (cognitive: application)

Image Acquisition:
-Perform a goal-directed echo using the 5 standard views
-Assess left ventricular function using the standard echo views
-Assess right ventricular function and pericardial disease
-Differentiate the presence or absence of respiratory variation in the long axis of the IVC

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